If You Are Immunocompromised, Defend Your self From COVID-19

Many situations and coverings can weaken an individual’s immune system (making them “immunocompromised”). A few of these embrace:

  • Most cancers
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Strong organ transplant
  • Stem cells for most cancers remedy
  • Genetic immune deficiencies
  • HIV
  • Use of oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines referred to as immunosuppressants that decrease the physique’s potential to combat some infections (e.g., mycophenolate, sirolimus, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, etanercept, rituximab)

Threat of Extreme Sickness from COVID- 19

Individuals with weakened immune techniques are at larger threat of getting severely sick from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. They might additionally stay infectious for an extended time frame than others with COVID-19, however we can not affirm this till we study extra about this new virus.

Stop COVID-19

In case you are immunocompromised, one of the best ways to forestall COVID-19 is to keep away from being uncovered to this virus. For particulars, see CDC’s recommendation for what you are able to do to arrange for COVID-19 and how one can shield your self and others.

  • Wash your palms usually with cleaning soap and water for at the least 20 seconds particularly after you may have been in a public place, or after blowing your nostril, coughing, or sneezing.
    • If cleaning soap and water aren’t available, use a hand sanitizer that comprises at the least 60% alcohol. Cowl all surfaces of your palms and rub them collectively till they really feel dry.
  • Keep away from leaving residence as a lot as potential and observe social distancing.
    • Should you should go away residence, keep away from different individuals as a lot as potential by training social distancing. Keep a distance of at the least 6 ft (2 meters) between you and folks outdoors your family.
    • Keep away from giant gatherings or locations the place individuals congregate.
    • Have provides, meals, and drugs delivered to your house.
  • Cowl your mouth and nostril with a material face overlaying when round others to guard different individuals in case you might be contaminated, and ask others to do the identical.
    • Keep in mind, do NOT place material face coverings on kids youthful than 2 years outdated, anybody who has bother respiratory, or anybody who’s unconscious, incapacitated or in any other case unable to take away the duvet with out help.
  • Clear AND disinfect ceaselessly touched surfaces. This contains tables, doorknobs, gentle switches, counter tops, handles, desks, telephones, keyboards, bathrooms, taps, and sinks.

Steps You Can Take to Defend Your Well being

  • Proceed your common remedy plan. Don’t cease any medicines or therapies with out speaking to your physician.
    • Focus on any issues about your remedy along with your physician.
    • Maintain your commonly scheduled medical appointments.
      • Speak to your physician about steps they’re taking to scale back threat of publicity to COVID-19 within the workplace.
      • Use telehealth providers each time potential if really helpful by your physician.
    • Guarantee that you’re getting crucial exams prescribed by your physician.
    • Search pressing medical care in case you are feeling unwell.
  • Speak to your physician, insurer, and pharmacist about getting an emergency provide of prescription medicines. Be sure to have at the least 30 days of prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, and provides available in case you want or wish to keep residence for a number of weeks. Speak to your physician or pharmacist about methods to obtain your medicines by mail.
  • Take steps to care on your emotional well being. Concern and anxiousness about COVID-19 might be overwhelming and trigger robust feelings. It’s pure to really feel involved or pressured about COVID-19. Be taught extra about stress and dealing with anxiousness right here. Name your healthcare supplier if stress will get in the way in which of your each day actions for a number of days in a row.
  • In case you are feeling overwhelmed with feelings like unhappiness, melancholy, or anxiousness, or really feel such as you wish to hurt your self or others:

Remedy of COVID-19

  • Right now, there is no such thing as a Meals and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved remedy for COVID-19. There isn’t a vaccine to forestall COVID-19. Remedy is at the moment aimed toward relieving signs, and for hospitalized sufferers, supporting very important organ operate throughout extreme sickness.

Extra Info for Particular Circumstances & Threat Elements

You probably have most cancers or have survived most cancers

You probably have most cancers now or had most cancers up to now, you may must take particular steps to guard your well being:

  • Chemotherapy is a crucial instrument to deal with most cancers. Though some kinds of chemotherapy can weaken the immune system, most cancers sufferers and survivors ought to proceed to take their chemotherapy as directed by their physician.
  • Don’t change your most cancers remedy plan with out discussing it along with your physician.
  • Be careful for fever. Take your temperature any time you’re feeling heat, flushed, chilled, very fatigued, or not effectively. Name your physician instantly when you have a temperature of 100.4ºF (38ºC) or larger.
  • Discover out out of your physician when your white blood cell rely is more likely to the be the bottom, since that is whenever you’re most in danger for an infection.
    • If it’s a must to go to the emergency room, inform the particular person checking you in that you’re a most cancers affected person present process chemotherapy. Fever throughout chemotherapy remedy is a medical emergency and you have to be seen shortly.
  • Focus on any issues about your chemotherapy or different most cancers therapies along with your oncologist and first healthcare supplier.
  • Be taught extra about Sorts of Most cancers, Threat Elements and Screening for Most cancers and Stopping Infections whereas present process remedy for most cancers.

You probably have had a bone marrow transplant, strong organ transplant, or stem cells for most cancers remedy

Should you take medicines that weaken your immune system, referred to as immunosuppressant medicines:

  • Don’t change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering drugs could cause critical well being issues.

Should you had been born with immune deficiencies

Some persons are born with or develop immune deficiencies on account of genetics. Examples embrace frequent variable immune deficiency, selective IgA deficiency, extreme mixed immunodeficiency, power granulomatous illness, and complement deficiencies.

  • Should you take medicines to assist enhance your immune system, don’t change or cease them with out speaking to your physician.

You probably have HIV

The chance of significant sickness from COVID-19 for individuals with HIV isn’t but recognized. You probably have HIV and a low CD4 cell rely or aren’t on HIV remedy, you is likely to be at larger threat for extreme sickness from COVID-19.

In case you are utilizing oral or intravenous corticosteroids or different medicines that decrease your immune system’s response

Some medical situations are handled with medicines that may weaken the immune system; these medicines are referred to as immunosuppressants. Widespread medical situations which are generally handled with immunosuppressants embrace rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and inflammatory bowel illness.

  • Don’t change or cease taking medicines with out speaking to your physician. Stopping or altering drugs could cause critical well being issues.

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