It is very important make clear the utilization of a number of phrases as related for the present COVID-19 pandemic. On this doc:
A contact is outlined as somebody who had any contact with an contaminated individual (possible or confirmed COVID-19 case) whereas they have been infectious – ranging from 2 days earlier than sickness onset (or, for asymptomatic purchasers, 2 days previous to optimistic specimen assortment) till the time the affected person is remoted.
Shut contact is outlined by CDC as somebody who was inside 6 ft of an contaminated individual for no less than 15 minutes ranging from 2 days earlier than sickness onset (or, for asymptomatic purchasers, 2 days previous to optimistic specimen assortment) till the time the affected person is remoted. The World Well being Group (WHO) moreover contains individuals with direct bodily contact with a possible or confirmed case, direct take care of a affected person with possible or confirmed COVID-19 illness with out utilizing correct private, and different conditions as indicated by native danger assessments.
Isolation refers to a technique used to separate individuals contaminated with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (these with and with out signs) from people who find themselves not contaminated. The time period is used right here to confer with people who find themselves remoted at house, a neighborhood care heart (i.e., isolation shelter), or a well being facility. Within the house, anybody with COVID-19 signs or who has been identified with the illness ought to separate themselves from otherspdf icon within the house to cut back the chance of transmission to others within the family and may keep house till it’s secure for them to be round others. This additionally contains individuals who have indicators and signs according to COVID-19, for whom take a look at outcomes will not be but or won’t be obtainable.
Quarantine refers to a technique used to maintain somebody who might need been uncovered to COVID-19, however doesn’t know if she or he is contaminated, away from others. Quarantine helps forestall unfold of illness that may happen earlier than an individual is aware of that she or he is contaminated. Individuals in quarantine ought to keep house, separate themselves from others, monitor their well being, and observe instructions from their native public well being authorities.
Case Investigator refers to somebody who will interview the case, elicit names and get in touch with data of the contacts to be monitored, and supply steering and assets to assist people who find themselves in isolation. They could even be the one that initially notifies a affected person of a optimistic take a look at consequence.
Contact Tracer refers to somebody who will notify contacts of their publicity and monitor them for 14 days. They are going to describe quarantine to the contacts, assist join contacts with social providers and different assist as wanted, and generally be the first public well being individual for contacts to reply questions and deal with considerations.
For the aim of this doc, these two distinct roles are referenced. Nevertheless, the roles and tasks of case investigator and get in touch with tracer could overlap in some settings, and will change over the course of the response. For instance, in some contexts, case investigators will be the ones who initially notify contacts of their publicity; that is generally the case for family members of the case. As well as, these roles could have totally different titles elsewhere.